According to the Indian army, 20 Indian soldiers died on Monday in a violent clash with Chinese troops in the Galwan district of the state of Ladakh as a result of the serious escalation of tensions between India and China.
Seventeen Indian soldiers who were seriously injured while on guard in a parking lot and exposed to temperatures below freezing in the high mountains gave way to their injuries and brought the total number of combat casualties to 20, the army said in a statement issued on Tuesday. Earlier it was said that an officer and two soldiers had been killed.
The seriousness of the confrontation can be measured by the fact that for the first time in 45 years both parties reported victims during the confrontation, although they had a difficult relationship with each other. The victims were last reported in 1975 in the Tawang District, Arunachal Pradesh, said Deependra Singh Hooda, former commander of the North Indian Command, to which Ladakh is subordinate.
The incident is expected to deepen the geopolitical fault line in Asia, which, according to analysts, could lead, among other things, to the possible closure of positions of Chinese and Indian rivals.
Monday’s clashes led to an agreement between Prime Minister Narendra Maudie and Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2018; after 73 days of military confrontation, the report says the disagreements should not turn into disputes. In other meetings, the Heads of State and Government of the two countries also agreed on the importance of peace and quiet at the border for the stability of bilateral relations.
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Look at the major incidents in an unstable area in the past month.
Only a few days after India announced that both parties wanted a limited or tactical withdrawal from Ladakh, tensions rose sharply.
During the de-escalation process in the Galwan Valley a violent confrontation with the victims took place last night. Among the dead on the Indian side were an officer and two soldiers. Senior military officials from both sides are currently meeting on the ground to disrupt the situation, the Indian army said on Tuesday.
The army then proceeded to this change, adding that there were casualties on both sides.
The Indian army claimed that there was no shooting, which has fuelled speculation that during a close combat or an attack with a stone or stick, death occurred. Unconfirmed reports indicate that some Indian soldiers – ranging in number from 13 to 34 – also went missing after the collision. The Chinese state newspaper Global Times reports that five PLA soldiers were killed and eleven others injured in the conflict.
In a brief statement, Foreign Ministry spokesman Anurag Srivastava said India had hoped for a smooth de-escalation process, but the Chinese side had moved from a consensus on respecting the Line of Control (LOC) in the Galwan Valley.
If China tried to change the status quo unilaterally, both sides would suffer losses that could have been avoided if China had adhered to the agreements, he said. We remain firmly convinced of the need to maintain peace and tranquillity in border areas and to resolve disputes through dialogue. At the same time, we are also very committed to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of India, Shrivastawa added.
The sudden rise in tension took place, ironically, when the two sides negotiated the withdrawal of the troops that had accumulated for several weeks after the fighting at the beginning of May. The reason was China’s objections to the road India was building at Lake Pangong Tso in Ladakh.
said Sameer Patil, international security analyst at Gateway House, a think tank in Mumbai: India will need to take concrete steps to resolve the border issue for both countries.
China has an idea where India thinks of its border with China because we gave it the map. He says India should now look to China for a map that gives us an idea of his perception of the border.
The situation along the border was discussed by Defence Minister Rajnat Singh, who met twice Tuesday with senior military officials.
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